Publications

2017

Cissell DD, Link JM, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. A modified hydroxyproline assay based on hydrochloric acid in Ehrlich’s solution accurately measures tissue collagen content. Tissue Engineering Part C 2017; 23 (4): 243 – 250. PDF

Lee JK, Link JM, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. The Self-Assembling Process and Applications in Tissue Engineering. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 2017; epub. PDF

O’Leary A, Link JM, Klineberk EO, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Characterization of facet joint cartilage properties in the human and interspecies comparisons. Acta Biomaterialia, 2017; 54: 367 – 376. PDF

Paschos NK, Lim N, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Functional properties of native and tissue-engineered cartilage toward understanding the pathogenesis of chondral lesions at the knee. A bovine cadaveric study. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 2017; epub. PDF

2016

Aryaei A, Vapniarsky N, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Recent Tissue Engineering Advances for the Treatment of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders. Current Osteoporosis Reports 2016; 14 (6): 269 – 279. PDF

Huang BJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Effects of passage number and post-expansion aggregate culture on tissue engineered, self-assembled neocartilage. Acta Biomaterialia 2016; 43: 150 – 9. PDF

Brown WE, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Ammonium–chloride–potassium lysing buffer treatment of fully differentiated cells increases cell purity and resulting neotissue functional properties. Tissue Engineering Part C 2016; 22 (9): 895 – 903. PDF

Hadidi PH, Paschos NK, Huang BJ, Aryaei A, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Tendon and ligament as novel cell sources for engineering the knee meniscus. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 2016; epub ahead of print. PDF

Peng G, McNary SM, Athanasiou KA, Reddu AH. Superficial Zone Extracellular Matrix Extracts Enhance Boundary Lubrication of Self-Assembled Articular Cartilage. Cartilage 2016; 7 (3): 256 – 64. PDF

Hu Z, Yik JD, Cissell DD, Michelier PV, Athanasiou KA, Haudenschild DR. Inhibition of CDK9 prevents mechanical injury-induced inflammation, apoptosis and matrix degradation in cartilage explants. European Cells & Materials 2016; 30: 200 – 9. PDF

Huwe LW, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Chapter in book, ‘Specialty Imaging. The Temporomandibular Joint,’ Dania Tamimi and David Hatcher (editors), TMJ Biomechanics and Structure of the Mandibular Condyle, p 46 – 9, 2016. PDF

Huwe LW, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Chapter in book, ‘Specialty Imaging. The Temporomandibular Joint,’ Dania Tamimi and David Hatcher (editors), Structure and Function of the TMJ Disc and Disc Attachments, p 50 – 3, 2016. PDF

Cissell DD, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Chapter in book, ‘Specialty Imaging. The Temporomandibular Joint,’ Dania Tamimi and David Hatcher (editors), Introduction to MR Imagining, p 349 – 53, 2016. PDF

Cissell DD, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Chapter in book, ‘Specialty Imaging. The Temporomandibular Joint,’ Dania Tamimi and David Hatcher (editors), Quantitative MR of Cartilage and Implications for TMJ Imaging, p 354 – 57, 2016. PDF

Huang BJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Cell-based engineering strategies used in the clinical repair of articular cartilage. Biomaterials 2016; 98: 1-22. PDF

Lee JK, Hu JCY, Yamada S, Athanasiou KA. Initiation of chondrocyte self-assembly requires an intact cytoskeletal network. Tissue Engineering Part A 2016; 22 (3 – 4): 318- 325. PDF

Kwon H, Paschos NK, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Articular cartilage tissue engineering: the role of signaling molecules. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 2016; 73 (6): 1173 – 94. PDF

Huang BJ, Huey DH, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Engineering biomechanically functional neocartilage derived from expanded articular chondrocytes through the manipulation of cell-seeding density and dexamethasone concentration. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine 2016; epub. PDF

2015

Kol A, Arzi B, Athanasiou KA, Farmer DL, Nolta JA, Bebhun RB, Chen X, Griffiths LG, Verstraete FJM, Murphy CJ, Borjesson DL. Companion animals: Translational scientist’s new best friends. Science Translational Medicicine 2015; 7 (308): 1 – 8. PDF

Vapniarsky N, Arzi B, Hu J, Nolta JA, Athanasiou KA. Concise review: Human dermis as an autologous source of stem cells for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2015; epub ahead of print. PDF

Peng G, McNary SM, Athanasiou KA, Reddi AH. The distribution of superficial zone protein (SZP)/lubricin/PRG4 and boundary mode frictional properties of the bovine diarthrodial joint. Journal of Biomechanics 2015. 48 (13): 4306 – 12. PDF

Arzi B*, DuRaine GD*, Lee CA, Huey DJ, Borjesson DL, Murphy BG, Hu JCY, Baumgarth N, Athanasiou KA. Cartilage immunoprivilege depends on donor source and lesion location. Acta Biomateriala 2015; 23: 72 – 81. PDF

Hu Z, Yik JH, Cissell DD, Michelier PV, Athanasiou KA, Haudenschild DR. Inhibition of CDK9 prevents mechanical injury-induced inflammation, apoptosis and matrix degradation in cartilage explants. European Cells and Materials 2015. 30: 200-9. PDF

Moran CJ, Busilacchi A, Lee CA, Athanasiou KA, Verdonk PC. Biological Augmentation and Tissue Engineering Approaches in Meniscus Surgery. Arthroscopy – The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 2015; 31 (5): 944 – 955. PDF

Arzi B, Verstraete FJ, Huey DJ, Cissell DD, Athanasiou KA. Regenerating Mandibular Bone Using rhBMP-2: Part 1-Immediate Reconstruction of Segmental Mandibulectomies. Journal of Veterinary Surgery 2015; 44 (4): 403 – 409. PDF

Verstraete FJ, Arzi B, Huey DJ, Cissell DD, Athanasiou KA. Regenerating Mandibular Bone Using rhBMP-2: Part 2-Treatment of Chronic, Defect Non-Union Fractures. Journal of Veterinary Surgery 2015; 44 (4): 410 – 416. PDF

Paschos NK, Brown WE, Eswaramoorthy R, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Advances in tissue engineering through stem cell-based co-culture. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine 2015; 9 (5): 488 – 503. PDF

DuRaine GD, Athanasiou KA. ERK activation is required for hydrostatic pressure induced changes in engineered articular cartilage. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine 2015; 9 (4): 368 – 374. PDF

DuRaine GD*, Brown WE*, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Emergence of Scaffold-Free Approaches for Tissue Engineering Musculoskeletal Cartilages. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2015; 43 (4): 543 – 554. PDF

Murphy MK, Huey DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. TGF-β1, GDF-5, and BMP-2 stimulation induces chondrogenesis in expanded human articular chondrocytes and marrow-derived stromal cells. Stem Cells 2015; 33 (3): 762 – 773. PDF

Makris EA, Huang BJ, Hu JC, Chen-Izu Y, Athanasiou KA. Digoxin and Adenosine Triphosphate Enhance the Functional Properties of Tissue-Engineered Cartilage. Tissue Engineering Part A 2015; 21 (5-6): 884 – 894. PDF

Lee JK, Gegg CA, Hu JC, Reddi AH, Athanasiou KA. Thyroid hormones enhance the biomechanical functionality of scaffold-free neocartilage. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2015; 17: 2 – 11. PDF

Murphy MK, Arzi B, Prouty SM, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Neocartilage integration in temporomandibular joint discs: physical and enzymatic methods. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2015; 12 (103): 1 – 9. PDF

Athanasiou KA, Responte DJ, Brown WE. Harnessing Biomechanics to Develop Cartilage Regeneration Strategies. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering – Transactions of the ASME 2015; 137 (2): 020901-1 – 020901-14. PDF

Hadidi P, Yeh TC, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Critical seeding density improves the properties and translatability of self-assembling anatomically shaped knee menisci. Acta Biomaterialia 2015; 11: 173 – 182. PDF

Murphy MK, Masters TE, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Engineering a Fibrocartilage Spectrum Through Modulation of Aggregate Redifferentiation. Cell Transplantation 2015; 24 (2): 235 – 245. PDF

DuRaine GD, Arzi B, Lee JK, Responte DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Biomechanical evaluation of suture-holding properties of native and tissue-engineered articular cartilage. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 2015; 14 (1): 73 – 81. PDF

Makris EA, Gomoll AH, Malizos KN, Athanasiou KA. Repair and tissue engineering techniques for articular cartilage. Nature Reviews Rheumatology 2015; 11 (1): 21 – 34. PDF

2014

MacBarb RF, Paschos NK, Abeug R, Makris EA, Hu JC, Athanasiou, KA. Passive Strain-Induced Matrix Synthesis and Organization in Shape-Specific, Cartilaginous Neotissues. Tissue Engineering Part A 2014; 20 (23-24) : 3290 – 3302. PDF

Peng G, McNary SM, Athanasiou KA. Surface Zone Articular Chondrocytes Modulate the Bulk and Surface Mechanical Properties of the Tissue-Engineered Cartilage. Tissue Engineering Part A 2014; 20 (23-24): 3332-3341. PDF

Lee JK, Gegg, CA, Hu JC, Kass PA, Athanasiou KA. Promoting increased mechanical properties of tissue engineered neocartilage via the application of hyperosmolarity and 4 alpha-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4 alpha PDD). Journal of Biomechanics 2014; 47 (15) : 3712-3718. PDF

Makris EA, MacBarb RF, Paschos NK, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Combined use of chondroitinase-ABC, TGF-beta 1, and collagen crosslinldng agent lysyl oxidase to engineer functional neotissues for fibiocartilage repair. Biomaterials 2014; 35 (25): 6787-6796. PDF

Makris EA, Responte DJ, Paschos NK, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Developing functional musculoskeletal tissues through hypoxia and lysyl oxidase-induced collagen cross-linking. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2014; 111 (45): E4832 – E4841. PDF (Corrections PDF)

Cissell DD, Hu JC, Griffiths LG, Athanasiou KA. Antigen Removal for the Production of Biomechanically Functional, Xenogeneic Tissue Grafts. Journal of Biomechanics 2014; 47 (9): 1987-1996. PDF

Paschos NK, Makris EA, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Topographic variations in biomechanical and biochemical properties in the ankle joint: an in vitro bovine study evaluating native and engineered cartilage. Arthroscopy 2014; 30 (10): 1317 – 1326. PDF

Kalpacki KN, Brown WE, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Cartilage Tissue Engineering Using Dermis Isolated Adult Stem Cells: The Use of Hypoxia during Expansion versus Chondrogenic Differentiation. Plos One 2014; 9 (5): e98570. PDF

McNary SM, Athanasiou KA, Reddi AH. Transforming Growth Factor β-Induced Superficial Zone Protein Accumulation in the Surface Zone of Articular Cartilage Is Dependent on the Cytoskeleton. Tissue Engineering Part A 2014; 20 (5-6): 921-929. PDF

Lee JK, Responte DJ, Cissell DD, Hu JC, Nolta JA, Athanasiou KA. Clinical Translation of Stem Cells: Insight for Cartilage Therapies. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 2014; 34 (1): 89-100. PDF

Higashioka MM, Chen JA, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Building an Anisotropic Meniscus with Zonal Variations. Tissue Engineering Part A 2014; 20 (1-2): 294-302. PDF

2013

MacBarb RF, Chen AL, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Engineering Functional Anisotropy in Fibrocartilage Neotissues. Biomaterials 2013; 34 (38):9980-9989. PDF

Murphy MK, Arzi B, Vapniarsky-Arzi N, Athanasiou KA. Characterization of Degenerative Changes in the Temporomandibular Joint of the Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) and Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica). Journal of Comparative Pathology 2013; 149 (4):495-502. PDF

Murphy MK, MacBarb RF, Wong WE, Athanasiou KA. Temporomandibular Disorders: A Review of Etiology, Clinical Management, and Tissue Engineering Strategies. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants 2013; 28 (6): E393-E414. PDF

Murphy MK, Arzi B, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Tensile Characterization of Porcine Temporomandibular Joint Disc Attachments. Journal of Dental Research 2013; 92 (8): 753-758. PDF

Makris EA, MacBarb RF, Responte DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. A Copper Sulfate and Hydroxylysine Treatment Regimen for Enhancing Collagen Cross-linking and Biomechanical Properties in Engineered Neocartilage. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 2013; 27 (3): 2421-2430. PDF

Wong ML, Wong JL, Athanasiou KA, Griffiths LG. Stepwise Solubilization-based Antigen Removal for Xenogeneic Scaffold Generation in Tissue Engineering. Acta Biomaterialia 2013; 9 (5): 6492-6501. PDF

Makris EA, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Hypoxia-induced collagen crosslinking as a mechanism for enhancing mechanical properties of engineered articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 2013; 21 (4): 634-641. PDF

Hadidi P, Athanasiou KA. Enhancing the mechanical properties of engineered tissue through matrix remodeling via the signaling phospholipid lysophosphatidic acid. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2013; 433 (1): 133-138. PDF

Eleswarapu SV, Athanasiou KA. TRPV4 channel activation improves the tensile properties of self-assembled articular cartilage constructs. Acta Biomaterialia 2013; 9 (3): 5554-5561. PDF

Murphy MK, Huey DJ, Reimer AJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Enhancing Post-Expansion Chondrogenic Potential of Costochondral Cells in Self-Assembled Neocartilage. Plos One 2013; 8 (2): 1 – 10. PDF

Athanasiou KA, Eswaramoorthy R, Hadidi P, Hu, JC. Self-Organization and the Self-Assembling Process in Tissue Engineering. Annual Review of Biomedical Bngineering 2013; 15: 115-136. PDF

Murphy MK, DuRaine GD, Reddi A, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Inducing Articular Cartilage Phenotype in Costochondral Cells. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2013; 15 (6): R214. PDF

MacBarb RF, Makris EA, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. A chondroitinase-ABC and TGF-beta1 treatment regimen for enhancing the mechanical properties of tissue-engineered fibrocartilage. Acta Biomaterialia 2013; 9 (1): 4626-34. PDF

Huey DJ, Athanasiou KA. Alteration of the Fibrocartilaginous Nature of Scaffoldless Constructs Formed from Leporine Meniscus Cells and Chondrocytes through Manipulation of Culture and Processing Conditions. Cells Tissues Organs 2013; 197 (5): 360-371. PDF

Huey DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Chondrogenically-Tuned Expansion Enhances the Cartilaginous Matrix forming Capabilities of Primary, Adult, Leporine Chondroytes in the Self-Assembly Modality. Cell Transplantation 2013; 22 (2): 331-340. PDF

Arzi B, Cissell DD, Verstraete FJ, Kass PH, DuRaine GD, Athanasiou KA. Computed tomographic findings in dogs and cats with temporomandibular joint disorders: 58 cases (2006-2011). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2013; 242 (1): 69-75. PDF

2012

Dowling EP, Ronan W, Ofek G, Deshpande VS, McMeeking RM, Athanasiou KA, et al. The effect of remodelling and contractility of the actin cytoskeleton on the shear resistance of single cells: a computational and experimental investigation. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2012; 9 (77): 3469-79. PDF

Responte DJ, Natoli RM, Athanasiou KA. Identification of potential biophysical and molecular signaling mechanisms underlying hyaluronic acid enhancement of cartilage formation. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2012; 9 (77): 3564 – 3573. PDF

Huey DJ, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Unlike bone, cartilage regeneration remains elusive. Science 2012; 338 (6109): 917-21. PDF

Sanchez-Adams J, Athanasiou KA. Biomechanics of meniscus cells: regional variation and comparison to articular chondrocytes and ligament cells. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 2012; 11 (7): 1047-56. PDF

Responte, DJ, Lee, JK, Hu, JC, and Athanasiou, KA. Biomechanics-driven chondrogenesis: from embryo to adult. FASEB journal: official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 2012; 26 (9): 3614-3624. PDF

Willard VP, Arzi B, Athanasiou KA. The attachments of the temporomandibular joint disc: a biochemical and histological investigation. Archives of Oral Biology 2012; 57 (6): 599-606. PDF

Responte DJ, Arzi B, Natoli RM, Hu JC, Athanasiou KA. Mechanisms underlying the synergistic enhancement of self-assembled neocartilage treated with chondroitinase-ABC and TGF-beta1. Biomaterials 2012; 33 (11): 3187-94. PDF

Arzi B, Willard PV, Huey DJ, Verstraete FJM, Vapniarsky-Arzi N, Athanasiou KA. The Temporomandibular Joint Disc of Asian Elephant (Elephas Maximus) and African Elephant (Loxodonta Africana). European Journal of Wildlife Research 2012; 58 (2): 451 – 459. PDF

McNary SM, Athanasiou KA, Reddi AH. Engineering lubrication in articular cartilage. Tissue Engineering Part B Reviews 2012; 18 (2): 88-100. PDF

Huey DJ, Sanchez-Adams J, Willard VP, Athanasiou KA. Immunogenicity of bovine and leporine articular chondrocytes and meniscus cells. Tissue Engineering Part A 2012; 18 (5-6): 568-75. PDF

Sun Y, Responte D, Xie H, Liu, J, Fatakdawala H, Hu J, Athanasiou KA, Marcu L. Nondestructive evaluation of tissue engineered articular cartilage using time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy and ultrasound backscatter microscopy. Tissue Engineering Part C Methods 2012; 18 (3): 215-226. PDF

Sanchez-Adams J, Athanasiou KA. Regional effects of enzymatic digestion on knee meniscus cell yield and phenotype for tissue engineering. Tissue Engineering Part C Methods 2012; 18 (3): 235-43. PDF

Sanchez-Adams J, Athanasiou KA. Dermis isolated adult stem cells for cartilage tissue engineering. Biomaterials 2012; 33 (1): 109-19. PDF

Willard VP, Kalpakci KN, Reimer AJ, Athanasiou KA. The regional contribution of glycosaminoglycans to temporomandibular joint disc compressive properties. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 2012; 134 (1): 011011. PDF

Arzi B, Wisner ER, Huey DJ, Kass PH, Hu J, Athanasiou KA. A proposed model of naturally occurring osteoarthritis in the domestic rabbit. Lab Animal (NY) 2012; 41 (1): 20-5. PDF

Athanasiou KA. A new form of specialization. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2012; 40 (8): 1627. PDF

Editorial. Athanasiou KA. Introducing New Deputy Editor-in-Chief Daniel Elson, Imperial College, London, UK. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2012; 40 (4): 763. PDF

2011

Sanchez-Adams J, Willard VP, Athanasiou KA. Regional variation in the mechanical role of knee meniscus glycosaminoglycans. Journal of Applied Physiology 2011; 111 (6): 1590-6. PDF

Huey DJ, Athanasiou KA. Tension-compression loading with chemical stimulation results in additive increases to functional properties of anatomic meniscal constructs. Plos One 2011; 6 (11): e27857. PDF

Wong ML, Leach JK, Athanasiou KA, Griffiths LG. The role of protein solubilization in antigen removal from xenogeneic tissue for heart valve tissue engineering. Biomaterials 2011; 32 (32): 8129-38. PDF

Eleswarapu SV, Chen JA, Athanasiou KA. Temporal assessment of ribose treatment on self-assembled articular cartilage constructs. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Community 2011; 414 (2): 431-6. PDF

Eleswarapu SV, Responte DJ, Athanasiou KA. Tensile properties, collagen content, and crosslinks in connective tissues of the immature knee joint. Plos One 2011; 6 (10): e26178. PDF

Makris EA, Hadidi P, Athanasiou KA. The knee meniscus: structure-function, pathophysiology, current repair techniques, and prospects for regeneration. Biomaterials 2011; 32 (30): 7411-31. PDF

Bhatavadekar NB, Hu J, Keys K, Ofek G, Athanasiou KA. Novel application of cytodetachment technology to the analysis of dental implant surfaces. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 2011; 26 (5): 985-90. PDF

Kalpakci KN, Kim EJ, Athanasiou KA. Assessment of growth factor treatment on fibrochondrocyte and chondrocyte co-cultures for TMJ fibrocartilage engineering. Acta Biomaterialia 2011; 7 (4): 1710-8. PDF

Elder BD, Mohan A, Athanasiou KA. Beneficial effects of exogenous crosslinking agents on self-assembled tissue engineered cartilage construct biomechanical properties. Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology 2011; 11 (2): 433-443. PDF

Huey DJ, Athanasiou KA. Maturational growth of self-assembled, functional menisci as a result of TGF-beta1 and enzymatic chondroitinase-ABC stimulation. Biomaterials 2011; 32 (8): 2052-8. PDF

Kalpakci KN, Willard VP, Wong ME, Athanasiou KA. An interspecies comparison of the temporomandibular joint disc. Journal of Dental Research 2011; 90 (2): 193-8. PDF

DuRaine GD, Hu J, Athanasoiu K. Bioengineering in the oral cavity: insights from articular cartilage tissue engineering. International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants 2011; 26 Suppl: 11-9; discussion 20-4. PDF

Athanasiou KA. Special issues. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2011; 39: 1607. PDF

Olson SA, Brown TD, Athanasiou KA, Natoli RM, Dirschl DR. Applied biomechanics in articular injuries: perspectives in the basic investigation of articular injuries and clinical application. Instructional Course Lectures 2011; 60: 583-94. PDF

2010

Athanasiou KA. Our Impact. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2010; 38: 3271 . PDF

Feng Y, Ofek G, Choi DS, Wen J, Hu J, Zhao H, Zu Y, Athanasiou KA, Chang CC. Unique biomechanical interactions between myeloma cells and bone marrow stromal cells. Progress in biophysics and molecular biology 2010; 103 (1): 148-156. PDF

Natoli RM, Skaalure S, Bijlani S, Chen KX, Hu J, Athanasiou KA. Intracellular Na(+) and Ca(2+) modulation increases the tensile properties of developing engineered articular cartilage. Arthritis Rheumatism 2010; 62 (4): 1097-107. PDF

Ofek G, Dowling EP, Raphael RM, McGarry JP, Athanasiou KA. Biomechanics of single chondrocytes under direct shear. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 2010; 9 (2): 153-62. PDF

Elder BD, Kim DH, Athanasiou KA. Developing an articular cartilage decellularization process toward facet joint cartilage replacement. Neurosurgery 2010; 66 (4): 722-7; discussion 727. PDF

Gunja NJ, Athanasiou KA. Effects of hydrostatic pressure on leporine meniscus cell-seeded PLLA scaffolds. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 2010; 92A (3): 896-905. PDF

Gunja NJ, Athanasiou KA. Additive and synergistic effects of bFGF and hypoxia on leporine meniscus cell-seeded PLLA scaffolds. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine 2010; 4 (2): 115-22. PDF

Athanasiou KA. Passing the baton to the Davis Editorial Office–January 2010. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2010; 38: 1. PDF

Chapter 5. MacBarb RF, Murphy MK, Athanasiou KA. Temporomandibular Joint: Structure, Function, and Current Perspectives, Beth Winkelstein, (ed), Orthopaedic Biomechanics. Text

Sanchez-Adams J, Athanasiou KA. Biomechanical characterization of single chondrocytes. In book, ‘Cellular and Biomolecular Mechanics and Mechanobiology’, Amit Gefen (editor), Studies in Mechanobiology, Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials, 2010. PDF

Willard VP, Zhang L, Athanasiou KA. Tissue Engineering of the Temporomandibular Joint, D. Ducheyne, K. Healy, D. Hutmacher, and J. Kirkpatrick, (ed), Comprehensive Biomaterials, 2010. PDF

2009

Ofek G, Wiltz DC, Athanasiou KA. Contribution of the cytoskeleton to the compressive properties and recovery behavior of single cells. Biophysical Journal 2009; 97(7):1873 – 1882. PDF

Gunja NJ, Huey DJ, James R, Athanasiou KA. Effects of agarose mold compliance and surface roughness on self-assembled meniscus-shaped constructs. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine 2009; 3 (7): 521 – 530. PDF

Natoli RM, Revell CR, Athanasiou KA. Chondroitinase-ABC treatment results in increased tensile properties of self-assembled tissue engineered articular cartilage. Tissue Engineering Part A 2009; 15 (10): 3119 – 3128. PDF

Sanchez-Adams J, Athanasiou KA. The Knee Meniscus: A Complex Tissue of Diverse Cells. Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering 2009; 2 (3): 332 – 340.

Elder BD, Eleswarapu SV, Athanasiou KA. Extraction techniques for the decellularization of tissue engineered articular cartilage constructs. Biomaterials 2009; 30 (22): 3749-3756. PDF

Koay EJ, Athanasiou KA. Development of serum-free, chemically defined conditions for human embryonic stem cell-derived fibrochondrogenesis. Tissue Engineering Part A 2009; 15 (8): 2249-2257. PDF

Gunja NJ, Athanasiou KA. Effects of co-cultures of meniscus cells and articular chondrocytes on PLLA scaffolds. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 2009; 103 (4): 808-816. PDF

Natoli RM, Responte DJ, Lu BY, Athanasiou KA. Effects of multiple chondroitinase ABC applications on tissue engineered articular cartilage. Journal of Orthopedic Research 2009; 27 (7): 949-956. PDF

Ofek G, Willard VP, Koay EJ, Hu JC, Lin P, Athanasiou. Mechanical characterization of differentiated human embryonic stem cells. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 2009; 131 (6): 061011. PDF

Elder BD, Vigneswaran K, Athanasiou KA, Kim DH. Biomechanical, biochemical, and histological characterization of canine lumbar facet joint cartilage. Journal of Neurosurgery Spine 2009; 10 (6): 623-628. PDF

Ofek G, Natoli RM, Athanasiou KA. In situ mechanical properties of the chondrocyte cytoplasm and nucleus. Journal of Biomechanics 2009; 42 (7): 873-877. PDF

Elder BD, Athanasiou KA. Effects of temporal hydrostatic pressure on tissue engineered bovine articular cartilage constructs. Tissue Engineering Part A 2009; 15 (5): 1151-1158. PDF

Hoben GM, Willard WP, Athanasiou KA. Fibrochondrogenesis of hESCs: Growth factor combinations and cocultures. Stem Cells and Development 2009; 18 (2): 283-292, 2009. PDF

Revell CM, Athanasiou KA. Success rates and immunologic responses of autogenic, allogenic, and xenogenic treatments to repair articular cartilage defects. Tissue Engineering Part B Reviews 2009; 15 (1): 1-15. PDF
Elder BD, Athanasiou KA. Hydrostatic pressure in articular cartilage tissue engineering: From chondrocytes to tissue regeneration. Tissue Engineering Part B Reviews 2009; 15 (1): 43-53. PDF

Anderson (Johns) DE, Athanasiou KA. A comparison of primary and passaged chondrocytes for use in engineering the temporomandibular joint. Archives of Oral Biology 2009, 54 (2): 138–145. PDF

Gunja NJ, Uthamanthil RK, Athanasiou KA. Effects of TGF-beta 1 and hydrostatic pressure application on meniscus cell-seeded scaffolds. Biomaterials 2009; 30 (4): 565-573. PDF

Natoli RM, Athanasiou KA. Traumatic loading of articular cartilage: Mechanical and biological responses and post-injury treatment. Biorheology 2009; 46 (6): 451-85, 2009.

Zhang L, Hu J, Athanasiou KA. The Role of Tissue Engineering in Articular Cartilage Repair and Regeneration. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering 2009; 37 (1-2): 1-57. PDF

Deng Y, Gunja NJ, Athanasiou KA. Perspectives and possibilities for degradable polymers for skeletal implants. Degradable Polymers for Skeletal Implants 2009; 351 – 362.

Elder BD, Athanasiou KA. Systematic assessment of growth factor treatment on biochemical and biomechanical properties of engineered articular cartilage constructs. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 2009; 17 (1): 114-123. PDF

DiCarlo BB, Hu JC, Gross T, Vago R, Athanasiou KA. Biomaterial effects in articular cartilage tissue engineering using polyglycolic acid, a novel marine origin biomaterial, IGF-I, and TGF-β1. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H Journal of Engineering in Medicine 2009; 223 (H1): 63-73.

Koay EJ, Athanasiou KA. Articular cartilage biomechanics, mechanobiology, and tissue engineering. Biomechanical Systems Technology: Muscular Skeletal Systems (World Scientific) 2009; 1-37.

Editorial. Dong C, Athanasiou KA. Dedicated to Professor Van C. Mow. Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering 2009; 2 (3): 281.

2008

Anderson (Johns) DE and Athanasiou KA. Passaged goat costal chondrocytes provide a feasible cell source for temporomandibular joint tissue engineering. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2008; 36 (12): 1992-2001. PDF

Hoben GM, Athanasiou KA. Use of staurosporine, an actin modifying agent, to enhance fibrochondrocyte matrix gene expression and synthesis. Cell and Tissue Research 2008; 334 (3): 469-476. PDF

Gross-Aviv T, DiCarlo BB, French MM, Athanasiou KA, Vago R. Crystalline biomaterials for articular cartilage bioengineering. Materials Science and Engineering C Biomimetic and Supramolecular Systems 2008; 28 (8): 1388–1400. PDF

Koay EJ, Athanasiou KA. Hypoxic chondrogenic differentiation of human embryonic stem cells enhances cartilage protein synthesis and biomechanical functionality. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 2008; 16 (12): 1450-1456. PDF

Revell CM, Reynolds CE, Athanasiou KA. Effects of initial cell seeding in self assembly of articular cartilage. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2008; 36 (9): 1441-1448. PDF

Johns DE, Athanasiou KA. Growth factor effects on costal chondrocytes for tissue engineering fibrocartilage. Cell and Tissue Research 2008; 333 (3): 439–447. PDF

Natoli R, Athanasiou KA. P188 reduces cell death and IGF-I reduces GAG release following single-impact loading of articular cartilage. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering – Transactions of the ASME 2008; 130 (4): 041012-1 – 041012-9. PDF

Ofek G, Revell CM, Hu JC, Allison DD, Grande-Allen KJ, Athanasiou KA. Matrix development in self-assembly of articular cartilage. Plos One 2008; 3 (7): e2795. PDF

Blumberg TJ, Natoli R, Athanasiou KA. Effects of doxycycline on articular cartilage GAG release and mechanical properties following impact. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 2008; 100 (3): 506-515. PDF

Hoben GM, Athanasiou KA. Creating a spectrum of fibrocartilages through different cell sources and biochemical stimuli. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 2008; 100 (3): 587-598. PDF

Elder BD, Athanasiou KA. Synergistic and additive effects of hydrostatic pressure and growth factors on tissue formation. Plos One 2008; 3 (6): e2341. PDF

Johns DE, Wong ME, Athanasiou KA. Clinically-relevant cell sources for TMJ disc engineering. Journal of Dental Research 2008; 87 (6): 548-552. PDF

Natoli R, Scott CC, Athanasiou KA. Temporal effects of impact on articular cartilage cell death, gene expression, matrix biochemistry, and biomechanics. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2008; 36 (5): 780-792. PDF

Leipzig N, Athanasiou KA. Static compression of single chondrocytes catabolically modifies single cell gene expression. Biophysical Journal 2008; 94 (6): 2412-2422. PDF

Allen KD, Athanasiou KA. Scaffold and growth factor selection in temporomandibular joint disc engineering. Journal of Dental Research 2008; 87 (2): 180-185. PDF

Elder BD, Athanasiou KA. Effects of confinement on the mechanical properties of self-assembled articular cartilage constructs in the direction orthogonal to the confinement surface. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 2008; 26 (2): 238-246. PDF

Hoben GM, Koay EJ, Athanasiou KA. Fibrochondrogenesis in two embryonic stem cell lines: Effects of differentiation timelines. Stem Cells 2008; 26 (2): 422-430. PDF

Allen KD, Erickson K, Athanasiou KA. The effects of protein coated surfaces on passaged porcine TMJ disc cells. Archives of Oral Biology 2008; 53 (1): 53-59. PDF

Koay EJ, Ofek G, Athanasiou KA. Effects of TGF-β1 and IGF-I on the compressibility, biomechanics, and strain-dependent behavior of single chondrocytes. Journal of Biomechanics 2008; 41 (5): 1044-1052. PDF

Gunja NJ, Athanasiou KA. A survey of salient biodegradable ACL interference screws. The Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Reconstruction and Basic Science 2008.

Elder BD, Athanasiou KA. Paradigms of tissue engineering with applications to cartilage regeneration. W. Pietrzak, Ed., Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration: Biological Materials and Methods, Chapter 28, p 593-615, 2008.

2007

Gunja, N.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Passage and recovery effects on gene expression of meniscal fibrochondrocytes. Arthritis Research & Therapy, 9:R93, 2007.

Aufderheide, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Assessment of a bovine co-culture, scaffold-free method for growing meniscus-shaped constructs. Tissue Engineering, 13(9):2195-2205, 2007.

Koay, E.J.; Hoben, G.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Tissue engineering with chondrogenically-differentiated human embryonic stem cells. Stem Cells, 25:2183–2190, 2007.

Responte, D.; Natoli, R.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Collagens of articular cartilage: structure, function, and importance in tissue engineering, Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 35(5):363-411, 2007.

Hoben, G.M.; Hu, J.; James, R.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Self-assembly of fibrochondrocytes and chondrocytes for tissue engineering of the knee meniscus. Tissue Engineering, 13(5):939-946, 2007.

Detamore, M.S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Mao, J.J.: A call to action for bioengineers and dental professionals: directives for the future of TMJ bioengineering. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 35(8): 1301-1311, 2007.

Young, S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Mikos, A.; Wong, M.E.: Tissue engineering in oral and maxillofacial surgery, In ‘Principles of Tissue Engineering’, 3rd Edition, Editors: Robert Lanza, Robert Langer, and Joseph P. Vacanti, 2007.

Ofek, G.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Micromechanical properties of chondrocytes and chondrons: relevance to articular cartilage tissue engineering, Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Structures (special issue of Mechanics of Biomaterials in Small Length-Scale), 2(6):1059-1086, 2007.

Eleswarapu, S.V.; Leipzig, N.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Gene expression of single articular chondrocytes. Cell and Tissue Research, 327(1):43-54, 2007.

Lavery, L.; Higgins, K.R.; Lanctot, D.R.; Constantinides, G.P.; Zamorano, R.G.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Armstrong, D.G.; Agrawal, C.M: Preventing diabetic foot ulcer recurrence in high risk diabetic patients: use of temperature monitoring as a self-assessment tool. Diabetes Care, 30(1): 14-20, 2007.

Johns, D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Improving culture conditions for TMJ disc tissue engineering. Cells, Tissues, Organs, 185(4):246-257, 2007.

Deng, Y.; Hu, J.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Isolation and chondroinduction of a dermis-isolated, aggrecan sensitive subpopulation with high chondrogenic potential, Arthritis & Rheumatism, 56(1):168-176, 2007

Edwards, R.B.; Lu, Y.; Uthamanthil, R.K.; Bogdanske, J.J.; Muir, P.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Markel, M.D.: Comparison of mechanical debridement and radiofrequency energy for chondroplasty in an in vivo equine model of partial thickness cartilage injury. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 15(2):169-178, 2007.

Shieh, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Dynamic compression of single cells. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 15: 328-334, 2007.

Allen, K.D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Effect of passage and topography on gene expression of TMJ disc cells. Tissue Engineering, 13(1):101-110, 2007.

2006

Leipzig, N.; Eleswarapu, S.V.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The effects of TGF-β1 and IGF-I on the biomechanics and cytoskeleton of single chondrocytes. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 14:1227-1236, 2006.

Scott, C.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Mechanical impact and articular cartilage. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 34(5):347-78, 2006.

Revell, C.M.; Dietrich, J.; Scott, C.C.; Luttge, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Characterization of fibroblast morphology on bioactive surfaces using vertical scanning interferometry. Matrix Biology, 25(8): 523-533 2006.

Allen, K.D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Growth factor effects on passaged TMJ disc cells in monolayer and pellet cultures. Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research, 9(3):143-52, 2006.

Aufderheide, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: A direct compression stimulator for articular cartilage and meniscal explants. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 34(9):1463-1474, 2006.

Scott, C.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Design, validation, and utilization of an articular cartilage impact instrument. Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 220(8):845-855, 2006.

Hu, J.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Chondrocytes from different zones exhibit characteristic differences in high density culture. Connective Tissue Research, 47(3):133-140, 2006.

Gunja, N.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Biodegradable materials in arthroscopy. Sports Medicine & Arthroscopy Review. 14(3):112-119, 2006.

Scott, C.C.; Volz, T.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Learning how to teach continuum biomechanics: See one, do one, teach one. Journal of Engineering Education, 22(1):183-187, 2006.

Hoben, G.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Meniscal repair with fibrocartilage engineering. Sports Medicine & Arthroscopy Review, 14(3):129-137, 2006.

Hayman, D.M.; Blumberg, T.J.; Scott, C.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The effects of isolation on chondrocyte gene expression, Tissue Engineering, 12(9):2573-2581, 2006.

Detamore, M.S.; Hegde, J.N.; Wagle, R.R.; Almarza, A.J.; Montufar-Solis, D.; Duke, P.J.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Cell type and distribution in the porcine temporomandibular joint disc. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 64:243-248, 2006

Fleischli, J.G.; Laughlin, T.J.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Lanctot, D.R.; Lavery, L.; Wang, X.; Agrawal, C.M: The effect of diabetes mellitus on the material properties of the distal tibia, Journal of American Podiatric Medical Association, 96(2):91-95, 2006.

Allen, K.D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Tissue engineering the TMJ disc: A review, Tissue Engineering, 12(5):1183 -1196, 2006.

Johns, D.E., Willard, V.P., Allen, K.D., and ATHANASIOU, K. A.: Is tissue engineering of the TMJ disc a feasible process? Chapter in book, ‘International Conference on TMJ Replacement and Tissue Engineering in Hiroshima’, p 37-47, 2006.

Allen, K.D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Viscoelastic characterization of the porcine temporomandibular joint disc under unconfined compression. Journal of Biomechanics, 39:312-322, 2006.

Hu, J.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The effects of intermittent hydrostatic pressure on self-assembled articular cartilage constructs. Tissue Engineering, 12(5): 1337 -1344, 2006.

Hu, J.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: A self-assembling process in articular cartilage tissue engineering. Tissue Engineering, 12(4):969-979, 2006.

Bean, A.C.; Almarza, A.J.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Effects of ascorbic acid concentration for the tissue engineering of the temporomandibular joint disc. Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 220:439-447, 2006.

Uthamanthil, R.K.; Edwards, R.B.; Lu, Y.; Manley, P.A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Markel, M.D.: In vivo study on the short-term effect of radiofrequency energy on chondromalacic patellar cartilage and its correlation with calcified cartilage pathology in an equine model. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 24:716-724, 2006.

Almarza, A.J.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Evaluation of three growth factors in combinations of two for TMJ disc tissue engineering. Archives of Oral Biology, 51(3):215-221, 2006.

Almarza, A.J.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Effects of hydrostatic pressure on TMJ disc cells. Tissue Engineering, 12(5):1285-1294, 2006.

Shieh, A.C.; Koay, E.J.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Strain-dependent recovery behavior of single chondrocytes, Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 5(2-3):172-179, 2006.

Shieh, A.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Biomechanics of single zonal chondrocytes. Journal of Biomechanics, 39(9):1595-1602, 2006.

2005

Darling, E.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Growth factor impact on articular cartilage subpopulations. Cell and Tissue Research, 322:463-473, 2005.

Sweigart, M.A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Tensile and compressive properties of the medial rabbit meniscus. Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 219(5):337-348, 2005.

Allen, K.D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: A surface-regional and freeze-thaw characterization of the porcine temporomandibular joint disc. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 33(7):951-962, 2005.

Lavery, L.A.; Lanctot, D.R.; Constantinides, G.P.; Zamorano, R.G.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Agrawal, C.M.: Wear and biomechanical characteristics of a novel shear-reducing insole with implications for high-risk persons with diabetes. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 7(4):638-646, 2005.

Wang, L.; Kalu, D.N.; Banu, J.; Thomas, J.B.; Gabriel, N.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Effects of aging on the biomechanical properties of rat articular cartilage. Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 220:573-578, 2006.

Pangborn, A.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Growth factors and fibrochondrocytes in scaffolds. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 23(5):1184-1190, 2005.

Almarza, A.J.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Effects of initial seeding density for the tissue engineering of the temporomandibular joint disc. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 33(7):943-950, 2005.

Hu, J.C.Y.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Effect of scaffold microenvironment on low-density chondrocyte bioreactor culture. Biomaterials, 26(14):2001-2012, 2005.

Shieh, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Musculoskeletal cell mechanics. The Wiley Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering, Metin Akay (ed.), John Wiley & Sons, 2006.

Wong, M; Allen, K.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Tissue engineering of the temporomandibular joint. In: The Biomedical Engineering Handbook – Tissue Engineering and Artificial Organs (Third Edition), Joseph D. Bronzino (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pgs 52-1 through 52-22, 2006.

Detamore, M.S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Use of a rotating bioreactor toward tissue engineering of the temporomandibular joint disc. Tissue Engineering, 11(7-8):1188-1197, 2005.

Almarza, A.J.; Bean, A.; Baggett, S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Biochemical characteristics of the porcine temporomandibular joint disc. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 44(2):124-128, 2006. PDF

AufderHeide, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: A comparison of scaffolds and culture conditions for tissue engineering of the knee meniscus. Tissue Engineering, 11(7-8):1095-1104, 2005.

Leipzig, N.D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Unconfined creep compression of chondrocytes. Journal of Biomechanics, 38(1):77-85, 2005. PDF

Detamore, M.S.; Orfanos, J.G.; Almarza, A.J.; French, M.M.; Wong, M.E.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Quantitative analysis and comparative regional investigation of the extracellular matrix of the porcine temporomandibular joint disc. Matrix Biology, 24:45-57, 2005.

Allen, K.; Detamore, M.; Almarza, A.; Wong, M; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The temporomandibular joint disc. The Wiley Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering, Metin Akay (ed.), John Wiley & Sons, 2006.

Pangborn, C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The knee meniscus. Wiley Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering, Metin Akay (ed.), Wiley-Interscience; 1 edition (April 28, 2006).

Pangborn, A.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Effects of growth factors on meniscal fibrochondrocytes in monolayer cultures. Tissue Engineering, 11(7-8):1141-1148, 2005.

Darling, E.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Retaining zonal chondrocyte phenotype using novel growth environments. Tissue Engineering, 11(3-4):395-403, 2005.

Detamore, M.S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Evaluation of three growth factors for TMJ disc tissue engineering. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 33(3):383-390, 2005.

Scott, C.C.; Luttge, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A: Development and validation of vertical scanning interferometry as a novel method for acquiring chondrocyte geometry. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part A, 72A(1):83-90, 2005.

Darling, E.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Rapid phenotypic changes in passaged articular chondrocyte subpopulations. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 23(2):425-432, 2005. PDF

Sweigart, M.A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Biomechanical characteristics of the normal medial and lateral porcine knee menisci. Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 219:53-62, 2005.

2004

Lo, K.Y.; Burkhart, S.S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Abrasion resistance of two types of non-absorbable braided sutures, Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, 20(4):407-413, 2004.

Lavery, L.A.; Lanctot, D.R.; Constantinides, G.P.; Zamorano, R.G.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Agrawal, C.M.: Home monitoring of foot skin temperatures to prevent recurrent ulceration, Diabetes Care, 27:2642-2647, 2004.

Sweigart, M.A.; Zhu, C.F.; Burt, D.M.; deHoll, P.D.; Agrawal, C.M.; Clanton, T.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Interspecies comparison of the creep indentation biomechanics of the medial meniscus. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 32(11): 1569-1579, 2004.

Hu, J.C.Y.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Functional assessment of articular cartilage. In Tissue Engineering in Musculoskeletal Clinical Practice. Ed by LJ Sandell and AJ Grodzinsky, Chapter 23 (pp. 227-233), Published by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2004.

Leipzig, N.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Cartilage regeneration, The Encyclopedia of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, Marcel Dekker, Inc. pp:283-291, 2004.

Lo, K.Y.; Burkhart, S.S.; Chan, K.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Arthroscopic knots: Determining the optimal balance of loop security and knot security. Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, 20(5):489-502, 2004.

Almarza, A.J.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Seeding techniques and scaffolding choice for the tissue engineering of the temporomandibular joint disc. Tissue Engineering, 10(11-12): 1787-1795, 2004.

AufderHeide, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Mechanical stimulation toward tissue engineering of the knee meniscus. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 32 (8): 1163-1176, 2004.

Almarza, A.J.; Detamore, M.S.; Allen, K.D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Tissue engineering concerns and efforts with the TMJ disc. TMJ Science. 2004 (http://www.tmj.org/TMJdisc_tissue_eng.rtf)

Darling, E.; Hu, J.C.Y.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Zonal and topographical differences in articular cartilage gene expression. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 22(6):1182-1187, 2004.

Niederauer, G.G.; Niederauer, G.M.; Cullen, L.C.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Thomas, J.B.; Niederauer, M.Q.: Correlation of cartilage stiffness to thickness and level of degeneration using a hand-held indentation probe. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 32(3):352-359, 2004.

Detamore, M.S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Effects of growth factors on temporomandibular joint disc cells. Archives of Oral Biology, 459:577-583, 2004.

French, M.M.; Rose, S.; Canseco, J; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Chondrogenic differentiation of adult dermal fibroblasts. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 32(1):50-56, 2004.

Almarza, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Design characteristics for the tissue engineering of cartilaginous tissues. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 32(1):2-17, 2004.

2003

Darling, E.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Biomechanical strategies for articular cartilage regeneration, Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 31:1114-1124, 2003.

Detamore, M.S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Tensile properties of the porcine temporomandibular joint disc. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 125(4):558-565, 2003.

Kim, K.; Wong, M.E.; Helfrick, J.F.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Biomechanical tissue characterization of the superior joint space of the porcine temporomandibular joint. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 31:924-930, 2003.

Darling, E.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Bioactive scaffold design for cartilage engineering. In Biomedical Technology and Devices Handbook. Ed by Moore J, Zouridakis G. Chapter 21. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. 2003.

Koay, E.J; Shieh, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Creep indentation of single cells, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 125:334-341, 2003.

Detamore, M.S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Motivation, characterization and strategy for tissue engineering the temporomandibular joint disc, Tissue Engineering, 9(6):1065-1087, 2003.

Scott, C.C; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Shear stress and chondrocytes. In Biomedical Technology and Devices Handbook. Ed by Moore J, Zouridakis G. Chapter 20. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. 2003.

Huang, W.; Anvari, B.; Torres, J.H.; LeBaron, R.G.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Temporal effects of cell adhesion on mechanical characteristics of the single chondrocyte. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 21(1):88-95, 2003.

Shieh, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Principles of cell mechanics for cartilage tissue engineering. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 31(1):1-11, 2003.

Buckwalter, J.A.; Martin, J.A.; Olmstead, M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Mow, V.C.: Osteochondral repair of primate knee femoral and patellar articular cartilage: Implications for preventing post-traumatic osteoarthritis. The Iowa Orthopaedic Journal, 23:66-74, 2003.

Darling, E.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Articular cartilage bioreactors and bioprocesses, Tissue Engineering, 9(1):9-26, 2003.

Detamore, M.S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Structure and function of the temporomandibular joint disc: Implications for tissue engineering, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 61:494-506, 2003.

Sweigart, M.A.; AufderHeide, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Fibrochondrocytes and their use in tissue engineering of the meniscus, Topics in Tissue Engineering, e-book, http://www.oulu.fi/spareparts/ebook_topics_in_t_e/abstracts/sweigart_1.pdf, Eds. N. Ashammakhi and P. Ferretti, 2003.

French, M.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Differentiation factors and articular cartilage regeneration, Topics in Tissue Engineering, e-book, http://www.oulu.fi/spareparts/ebook_topics_in_t_e/abstracts/french_1.pdf, Eds. N. Ashammakhi and P. Ferretti, 2003.

Burkhart, S.S.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The Twist-Lock concept of tissue transport and suture fixation without knots: Observations along the Hong Kong skyline. Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, 19(6):613-625, 2003.

Hu, J.C.Y.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Structure function characteristics of articular cartilage, Chapter in Handbook of histology methods for bone and cartilage, Eds. Yuehuey H. An and Kylie L. Martin, Totowa, New Jersey, Humana Press, pp. 73-95, 2003.

Hu, J.C.Y.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The role of mechanical forces in tissue engineering of articular cartilage, Functional tissue engineering, Eds. F. Guilak et al., 2003

2002

Shieh, A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Biomechanics of single chondrocytes and osteoarthritis, Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 30(4-6):307-343, 2002.

Hoben, G.; Huang, W.; Thoma, B.; LeBaron, R.G.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Quantification of varying adhesion levels in chondrocytes using the cytodetacher. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 30:703-712, 2002.

Sweigart, M.A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Biodegradable scaffolds for meniscus tissue engineering. Chapter in Tissue Engineering and Biodegradable Equivalents: Scientific and Clinical Applications. Eds. KU Lewandrowski, DL Wise, DJ Trantolo, JD Gresser, MJ Yaszemski, and DE Altobelli, New York, Marcel Dekker, pp. 225-236, 2002.

Van der Meulen, M.C.H.; Beaupre, G.S.; Smith, R.L.; Giddings, V.L.; Allen, W.A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Zhu. C.F.; Mandell, J.A.; Song, Y.; Poser, R.C.; Goodman, S.B.: Factors influencing changes in articular cartilage following hip hemiarthroplasty in sheep. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 20:669–675, 2002.

Temenoff, J.S., ATHANASIOU, K.A.; LeBaron, R.G.; Mikos, A.G.: Effect of poly(ethylene glycol) molecular weight on tensile and swelling properties of oligo(poly(ethylene glycol) fumarate) hydrogels for cartilage tissue engineering. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 59:429-437, 2002.

2001

Noone, T.J.; Millis, D.L.; Korvick, D.L.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Cook, J.L.; Kuroki, K.; Buonomo, F: Influence of canine recombinant somatotropin hormone on the biomechanical and biochemical properties of the medial meniscus in stifles with altered stability. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 63(3):419-426, 2001.

Sweigart, M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Toward tissue engineering of the knee meniscus, Tissue Engineering, 7(2):111-129, 2001.

Burkhart, S.S.; Danaceau, S.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Turbulence control as a factor in improving visualization during subacromial shoulder arthroscopy. Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, 17(2):209-212, 2001.

ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Shah, A.R., Hernandez, J.; LeBaron, R,G.: Basic science of articular cartilage repair, in Osteochondral Injuries, Clinics in Sports Medicine, Ed Robert C. Schenck, Jr., 20(2):223-247, 2001

2000

Wang, X.; Athanasiou, K.A.; Agrawal, C.M.: Fracture toughness tests of the bone-implant interface. In Mechanical Testing of Bone and the Bone-Implant Interface, Eds. Yuehuei H. An and Robert A. Draughn, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2000

ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Zhu, C-F.; Lanctot, D.R.; Agrawal, C.M.; Wang, X.: Fundamentals of biomechanics in tissue engineering of bone, Tissue Engineering, 6(4):361-381, 2000.

LeBaron, R.G.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Extracellular matrix cell adhesion peptides: Functional applications in orthopaedic materials, Tissue Engineering, 6(2):85-103, 2000.

ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Zhu, C.F.; Wang, X.; Agrawal, C.M.: Effects of aging and dietary restriction on the structural integrity of rat articular cartilage. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 28(2):143-149, 2000.

LeBaron, R.G.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Ex vivo synthesis of articular cartilage, Biomaterials, 21(24): 2575-2587, 2000.

Agrawal, C.M.; McKinney, J.; Lanctot, D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Effects of fluid flow on the in vitro degradation kinetics of biodegradable scaffolds for tissue engineering, Biomaterials, 21(23): 2443-2452, 2000.

Burkhart, S.S.; Wirth, M.A.; Simonich, M.; Salem, D.; Lanctot, D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Knot security in simple sliding knots and its relationship to rotator cuff repair: How secure must the knot be? Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, 16(2):202-207, 2000.

Wang, X.; Bank, R.A.; teKoppele, J.M.; Hubbard, G.B.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Agrawal, C.M.: Effect of collagen denaturation on the toughness of bone. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 371:228-240, 2000.

Agrawal, C.M.; McKinney, J.S.; Huang, D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The use of the vibrating particle technique to fabricate highly porous and permeable biodegradable scaffolds, in Synthetic bioabsorbable polymers for implants, ASTM STP 1396, CM Agrawal, JE Parr, and ST Lin Eds., American Society for testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, 2000.

Kose, N.; Gunal, I.; Wang, X.; ATHANASIOU, K.A; Agrawal, C.M.; Mabrey, J.D.: Setscrew distal locking for intramedullary nails: a biomechanical study. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 14(6):414-419, 2000.

1999

Murray, R.C.; Zhu, C.F.; Goodship, A.E.; Lakhani, K.H.; Agrawal, C.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A: Exercise affects the mechanical properties and histological appearance of equine articular cartilage. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 17(5):725-731, 1999.

ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Thoma, B.; Lanctot, D.R.; Shin, D.; Agrawal, C.M.; LeBaron, R.G.: Development of the cytodetachment technique to quantify mechanical adhesiveness of the single cell. Biomaterials, 20(23-24):2405-2415, 1999.

Shin, D. and ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Cytoindentation for obtaining cell biomechanical properties. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 17(6): 880-890, 1999.

Schenck, R.C.; Kovach, I.S.; Agarwal, A.; Brummett, R.; Ward, R.A.; Lanctot, D.; ATHANASImcnarOU, K.A.: Cruciate injury patterns in knee hyperextension: A cadaveric model. Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, 15(5): 489-495, 1999.

ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Fleishli, J.G.; Bosma, J.; Laughlin, T.J.; Zhu, C.F; Agrawal, C.M.; Lavery, L.A.: Effects of diabetes mellitus on the biomechanical properties of human ankle cartilage. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 368:182-189, 1999.

ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Zhu, C-F.; Lanctot, D.R.; Agrawal, C.M.; Wang, X.: Bone Engineering Fundamentals. In Portland Bone Symposium 1999 Proceedings.

Zoys, G.N.; McGanity, P.L.J.; Lanctot, D.R.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Heckman, J.D.: Biomechanical evaluation of fixation of posterior acetabular wall fractures. The Journal of Southern Orthopaedic Association. 8(4): 254-260, 1999.

1998

Burkhart, S.S.; Wirth, M.A.; Simonich, M.; Salem, D.; Lanctot, D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Loop security as a determinant of tissue fixation security. Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Vol. 14(7): 773-776, 1998.

Lin, J.; Shin, D.W.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Experimental study of articular cartilage damage and its biomechanical properties. Chinese Journal of Experimental Surgery, Vol. 15(suppl):158-159; 1998.

ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Agrawal, C.M.; Barber, F.A.; Burkhart, S.S.: Orthopaedic applications for PLA-PGA biodegradable polymers: Current concepts. The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, Vol. 14(7): 726-737, 1998.

Armstrong, D.G; Peters, E.J.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Lavery, L.A.: Is there a critical level of plantar foot pressure to identify patients at risk for neuropathic foot ulcerations? Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Vol. 37(4): 303-307, 1998.

Lin, J.; Shin, D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Variation of the biomechanical properties of articular cartilage with its depth from the articular surface. Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics, Vol. 18(8):488-491, 1998.

Spain, T.L.; Agrawal, C.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: A new technique to extend the useful life of a biodegradable cartilage implant. Tissue Engineering, Vol. 4(4): 343-352, 1998.

Fleischli, J.G.; Laughlin, T.J.; Lavery, L.A.; Shah, B.; Lanctot, D.; Agrawal, C.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The effects of diabetes mellitus on the material properties of human metatarsal bones. Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Vol. 37(3): 195-198, 1998.

ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Schmitz, J.P.; Agrawal, C.M.: The effects of porosity on in vitro degradation of PLA-PGA implants used in repair of articular cartilage. Tissue Engineering, Vol. 4(1): 53-63, 1998.

Murff, R.; Armstrong, D.G.; Lanctot, D.; Lavery, L.A.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: How effective is manual palpation in detecting subtle temperature differences? Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery, Vol. 15(1): 151-154, 1998.

ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Liu, G.T.; Lavery, L.A.; Lanctot, D.R.; Schenck, R.C.: Biomechanical topography of human articular cartilage in the first metatarsophalangeal joint. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, Vol. 348: 269-281, 1998.

Lin, J.; Foote, J.; Lanctot, D.; Korvick, D.; Mabrey, J; Agrawal, C.M.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: Optimal bypass length of femoral cortical defect in cementless hip arthroplasty: An experimental study. Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics, Vol. 18(7):418-422, 1998.

Armstrong, D.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The edge effect: How and why wounds grow in size and depth. Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery, Vol. 15(1):105-108, 1998.

Murray, R.C.; DeBowes, R.M.; Gaughan, E.M.; Zhu, C.F.; ATHANASIOU, K.A.: The effects of intra-articular methylprednisolone and exercise on the mechanical properties of articular cartilage in the horse. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. Vol. 6: 106-114, 1998.

ATHANASIOU, K.A.; Rosenwasser, M.P.; Buckwalter, J.A.; Olmstead, M.; Mow, V.C.: Biomechanical modeling of repair articular cartilage: Effects of passive motion on osteochondral defects in monkey knee joints. Tissue Engineering, Vol. 4(2):185-195, 1998.

1997

Burkhart SS, Diaz Pagan JL, Wirth MA, Athanasiou KA. Cyclic loading of anchor-based rotator cuff repairs: confirmation of the tension overload phenomenon and comparison of suture anchor fixation with transosseous fixation. Arthroscopy 1997; 13: 720-4. PDF

Agrawal CM, Huang D, Schmitz JP, Athanasiou KA. Elevated temperature degradation of a 50 : 50 copolymer of PLA-PGA. Tissue Engineering 1997; 3: 345-352. PDF

Athanasiou KA, Lavery LA, Lanctot DR, Vela SA. A novel methodology to evaluate the durability of insole materials for high risk diabetics. Diabetologia 1997; 40: 1892-1892. PDF

Agrawal CM, Athanasiou KA. Technique to control pH in vicinity of biodegrading PLA-PGA implants. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 1997; 38: 105-114. PDF

Lavery LA, Vela SA, Ashry HR, Lanctot DR, Athanasiou KA. Novel methodology to obtain salient biomechanical characteristics of insole materials. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 1997; 87: 266-271.

Kovach IS, Athanasiou KA. Small-angle HeNe laser light scatter and the compressive modulus of articular cartilage. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 1997; 15: 437-441. PDF

Burkhart SS, Johnson TC, Wirth MA, Athanasiou KA. Cyclic loading of transosseous rotator cuff repairs: Tension overload as a possible cause of failure. Arthroscopy 1997; 13: 172-176. PDF

Turner AS, Athanasiou KA, Zhu CF, Alvis MR, Bryant HU. Biochemical effects of estrogen on articular cartilage in ovariectomized sheep. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 1997; 5: 63-69. PDF

Agrawal CM, Athanasiou KA, Heckman JD. Biodegradable PLA-PGA polymers for tissue engineering in orthopaedics. Porous Materials for Tissue Engineering 1997; 250: 115-128.

Schmitz JP, Zardeneta G, Agrawal CM, Lee T, Athanasiou K, Milam SB. Protein interactions with polylactide-polyglycolide particles and scaffolds. Tissue Engineering 1997; 3: 257-266.

Athanasiou K, Korvick D, Schenck R. Biodegradable implants for the treatment of osteochondral defects in a goat model. Tissue Engineering 1997; 3: 363-373.

Lui GT, Lavery LA, Schenck RC, Lactot DR, Zhu Cf, Athanasiou KA. Human articular cartilage biomechanics of the second metatarsal intermediate cuneiform joint. Foot and Ankle Surgery 1997; 36: 367-374.

Korvick D, Athanasiou K. Variations in the mechanical properties of cartilage from the canine scapulohumeral joint. American Journal of Veterinary Research 1997; 58: 949-953. PubMed

1996

Burkhart SS, Athanasiou KA, Wirth MA. Margin convergence: A method of reducing strain in massive rotator cuff tears. Arthroscopy 1996; 12: 335-338. PDF

Athanasiou KA, Niederauer GG, Agrawal CM. Sterilization, toxicity, biocompatibility and clinical applications of polylactic acid polyglycolic acid copolymers. Biomaterials 1996; 17: 93-102. PDF

Wilkes RP, Athanasiou KA. The intrinsic incompressibility of osteoblast-like cells. Tissue Engineering, 1996; 2: 167-181. PDF

Singhal AR, Agrawal CM, Athanasiou KA. Salient degradation features of a 50:50 PLA/PGA scaffold for tissue engineering. Tissue Engineering 1996; 2: 197-207. PDF

Hersh CK, Williams RP, Trick LW, Lanctot D, Athanasiou KA. Comparison of the mechanical performance of trochanteric fixation devices. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1996; 329: 317-325. PubMed

Thompson DE, Agrawal CM, Athanasiou KA. The effects of dynamic compressive loading on biodegradable implants of 50-50% polylactic acid-polyglycolic acid. Tissue Engineering 1996; 2: 61-74. PDF

1995

Athanasiou KA, Agarwal A, Muffoletto A, Dzida FJ, Constantinides G, Clem M. Biomechanical properties of hip cartilage in experimental animal models. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1995; 316: 254-66. PubMed

Higgins KR, Lavery LA, Ashry HR, Athanasiou KA. Structural-Analysis of Absorbable Pin and Screw Fixation in First Metatarsal Osteotomies. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 1995; 85: 528-532. PubMed

Athanasiou KA, Niederauer GG, Schenck RC. Biomechanical Topography of Human Ankle Cartilage. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 1995; 23: 697-704. PDF

Murray RC, Debowes RM, Gaughan EM, Mosier DE, Athanasiou KA. Variations in the Biomechanical Properties of Articular-Cartilage of the Midcarpal Joint of Normal Horses. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 1995; 8: 133-140.

Athanasiou KA, Agarwal A, Muffoletto A, Dzida FJ, Constantinides G, Clem M. Biomechanical Properties of Hip Cartilage in Experimental Animal-Models. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1995; 316: 283-283. PubMed

Athanasiou KA, Fischer R, Niederauer GG, Puhl W. Effects of Excimer-Laser on Healing of Articular-Cartilage in Rabbits. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 1995; 13: 483-494. PDF

Athanasiou KA, Singhal AR, Agrawal CM, Boyan BD. In-Vitro Degradation and Release Characteristics of Biodegradable Implants Containing Trypsin-Inhibitor. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1995; 315: 272-281. PubMed

Athanasiou KA, Niederauer GG, Agrawal CM, Landsman AS. Applications of biodegradable lactides and glycolides in podiatry. Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery 1995; 12: 475-495. PubMed

Fisher R, Puhl W, Athanasiou KA. Defektheilung am Gelenkknorpel des Kaninchens nach Behandlung mit dem Xenon-Chlorid-Excimer-Laser. Hefte zu der Unfallchirurg 1995; 249: 219-222.

Agrawal CM, Niederauer GG, Athanasiou KA. Fabrication and characterization of PLA-PGA orthopedic implants. Tissue Engineering 1995; 1: 241-252. PDF

Agrawal CM, Niederauer GG, Micallef D, Athanasiou KA. The use of PLA-PGA polymers in orthopaedics. In Encyclopedic Handbook of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Ed. D. Wise et al., Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1995: 1055-1089.

1994

Athanasiou KA, Agarwal A, Dzida FJ. Comparative study of the intrinsic mechanical properties of the human acetabular and femoral head cartilage. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 1994; 12: 340-9. PDF

Schenck RC, Jr., Athanasiou KA, Constantinides G, Gomez E. A biomechanical analysis of articular cartilage of the human elbow and a potential relationship to osteochondritis dissecans. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1994; 299: 305-12. PubMed

Lavery L, Higgins K, Ashry H, Athanasiou KA. Mechanical characteristics of poly-l-lactic acid absorbable screws and stainless steel screws in basilar osteotomies of the first metatarsal. Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery 1994; 33: 249-254.

Kennedy MB, Athanasiou KA, Bonewald LG, Schwartz Z, Slyvia V, Shu Cf, Mullen J, Boyan, BD. In-vitro characterization of biodegradable implants containing TGF-beta. Journal of Dental Research 1994; 73: 110-110.

Patterson CJ, Chan DCN, Rawls HW, Athanasiou KA. Effect of pressure post-curing on composite flexural strength. Journal of Dental Research 1994; 73: 327-372.

Athanasiou KA. Current concepts in orthopaedic biomechanics. Book Proceedings, International Conference on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, 1994; 2: 336-340.

Athanasiou KA. A biomechanical analysis of articular cartilage in the human hip. Book Proceedings, International Conference on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, 1994; 2: 384-388.

1993

Lavery LA, Higgins KR, Ashry HR, Athanasiou KA. 1993 William J. Stickel Gold Award. Stability of absorbable fixation in basilar first metatarsal osteotomies. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 1993; 83: 557-62. PubMed

Haskin CL, Athanasiou KA, Klebe R, Cameron IL. A heat-shock-like response with cytoskeletal disruption occurs following hydrostatic pressure in MG-63 osteosarcoma cells. Biochemistry and Cell Biology 1993; 71: 361-71. PDF

Haskin C, Cameron I, Athanasiou KA. Physiological levels of hydrostatic pressure alter morphology and organization of cytoskeletal and adhesion proteins in MG-63 osteosarcoma cells. Biochemistry and Cell Biology 1993; 71: 27-35. PubMed

1991

Athanasiou KA, Rosenwasser MP, Buckwalter JA, Malinin TI, Mow VC. Interspecies comparisons of in situ intrinsic mechanical properties of distal femoral cartilage. Journal of Orthopaedic Research 1991; 9: 330-40. PDF

1989

Mow VC, Gibbs MC, Lai WM, Zhu WB, Athanasiou KA. Biphasic indentation of articular cartilage–II. A numerical algorithm and an experimental study. Journal of Biomechanics 1989; 22: 853-61. PDF

1987

Farcy JP, Weidenbaum M, Michelsen CB, Hoeltzel DA, Athanasiou KA. A comparative biomechanical study of spinal fixation using Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 1987; 12: 877-81. PDF

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